Here is a sampling of common terms used within the building industry provided by London Elite Trades, a building and information resource for those seeking information on building and renovation work.

Exterior details

Coping: a protective finishing that caps an exterior wall, usually sloped or curved to shed water.

Dentil: one of the series of a series of closely spaced, rectangular blocks that forms a molding or that projects below the corona of a cornice.

Gabled dormers (see window types) have peaked roofs; she dormers had shed roofs. a projecting structure built out from a sloping roof, usually housing a vertical window or ventilating louver.

Facade: front of the house or building.

Gable: upper, triangular shaped part of an end wall.

Keystone: wedge-shaped embellishment often used at the crown of an arch, that appears to “lock” the other units in a masonry arch in place.

Lap Siding: this siding is made with tapered boards, such as clapboards, that are placed horizontally with the thicker lower edge of each board overlapping the thinner upper edge of the next board below it.siding copmposed of taperee boards, as clapboards, laid horizontally with the thicker lwoer edge of each board overlalpping the thinner upper edge of the board below it. Also called bevel siding or overlapped siding.

Pediment: a window, low-pitched gable surmounting a colonnade or major division of a facade.

Pilaster: a flat, shallow rectangular column projecting from a wall with a base and.

Quoin: the individual stones or bricks used to form the exterior angle of a masonry wall, usually different from an adjoining surfaces by material, textur, color, projection.

Shake: wood shingle formed by splitting rather than sawing.

Sheathing: rough covering of boards, plywood or other panel materials applied to a frame strture to serve as a base for siding, flooring or roofing.

Siding: weatherproof material, as shingles, boards, or units of sheet metal used for surfacing the exterior walls of a farme building.

Turret: small tower forming part of a larger structure.

Roof shapes

Barrel roof: a roof or ceiling having a semicylindrical form.

Gable roof: A roof sloping downward in two parts fro ma central ridge, so as to form a gable at each end.

Gambrel roof: a ridged roof divided on each side into a shallower slope above a steeper one.

Hip Roof: a roof having slopoing ends and sides meeting at an inclined projecting angle., also hipped roof.

Rainbow roof: a gable roof in the form of a broad Gothic arch, with gently sloping convex surfaces.
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Window types

Bay Window: a window or series of windows projecting outward from the main wall forming a bay or alcove I na room within, especially one having its own foundation.

Bow Window: same as a bay window, except that the projection is circular.

Clerestory: a portion of an interior rising above adjacent rooftops and having windows admitting daylight to the interior.

Dormer: vertical window projecitng from a roof;

Fanlight: semicircular or semielloptical window over a doorway or aother window.

Picture Window: A large, usually fixed single-pane window, placed to frame an attractive exterior view.

Sidelight: a window at the side of a door or another window.

Transom Window: window above the tansom of a doorway. Tansom is a crosspiece separating a doorway froma wiwndow or fanlight above it.

House levels

Bi-Level: two-story house with the lower level lsunken low grade and an entry at grade halfway between the two floor levels.

Half-story: usable living space within a sloping roof, usually having dormer windows for lighting.

Rambler: a one-story house with a low-pitched roof, especially one built in e suburbs.

Split-Level: house having a room or rooms somewhat above or below adjacent rooms, withthe floor levels usually differeing by approximately lahf a story.
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Structural styles

Frame house: a house constructed with a skeletal framework of timeber, usually sheatherd with siding or shgles.

Half-Timber: having a timber framework with the spaces filled witn masonry or plaster. also, half-timbered.

Open timbered: constructed so that a framework of timbers is exposed.

Saltbox: wood-framed house found espaecially in New England with two full stores high in

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Here is a sampling of common terms used within the building industry provided by London Elite Trades, a building and information resource for those seeking information on building and renovation work. Exterior details Coping: a protective finishing that caps an exterior wall, usually sloped or curved to shed water. Dentil: one of...